On the Situation, Soil, Fencing, and Laying out of Gardens
Those who have gardens already formed and planted, have, of course,
not the situation to choose. But, I am to suppose, that new gardens will, in a
country like this, be continually to be formed; and, therefore, it is an essential part
of my duty to point out what situations are best, as well with respect to the aspect
as to the other circumstances.
The ground should be as nearly on a level as possible; because, if the
slope be considerable, the heavy rains do great injury, by washing away the soil.
However, it is not always in our power to choose a level spot; but, if there
be a slope in the ground, it ought, if possible, to be towards the South. For,
though such a direction adds to the heat in summer, this is more than
counterbalanced by the earliness which it causes in the spring.